Why is Education Important and What is the Purpose of Education (2023)

Why is Education Important and What is the Purpose of Education (1)

Written by Alicia Betz, reviewed by the EducationCorner.com Team

“If you can read this, thank a teacher.” It’s a cliche, but it’s true. If it weren’t for education at all levels, you wouldn’t be able to read, write, speak, think critically, make informed decisions, know right from wrong, effectively communicate, or understand how the world works. Another famous quote that proclaims the importance of education comes from George Orwell, “If people cannot write well, they cannot think well, and if they cannot think well, others will do their thinking for them.”

It goes without saying that an educated population advances a society, but why, exactly, do different subsets of education matter? Does physical education really make a difference, and do we need to be spending precious dollars on arts education? Unequivocally, the answer is yes, but continue reading below to find out why.

Why is Early Childhood Education Important

Before we can understand the importance of early childhood education, we should be on the same page about what age early childhood education refers to. Typically, early childhood education encompasses any education a child receives up until the age of eight, or around third grade.

During these initial years of life, children’s brains are growing and learning at a rapid rate, and learning typically comes very easy to them. The purpose of education at this stage is to build a solid foundation for children to build upon for the rest of their lives.

When looking at pre-school, one of the earliest educational opportunities, a meta-analysis of studies on the benefits of early childhood education found that “7–8 of every 10 preschool children did better than the average child in a control or comparison group” when looking at standard measures of intelligence and academic achievement. This makes sense, given that education in those early years sets children up for success.

Another study followed a group of students who were given early high-quality education and compared them to a control group. Years later, the students who were given a high-quality education performed better than the other students in many areas, both academically and socially. These students:

  • Scored higher on standardized testing
  • Had higher attendance rates
  • Had fewer discipline referrals
  • Were rated higher by their teachers in terms of behaviors, social interactions, and emotional maturity.

The list of studies showing the importance of early childhood education goes on virtually forever. In addition to the educational advantages students with high-quality early education see, they also often find more pleasure in learning. When parents and teachers instill a love of learning early on, children are more likely to continue to love learning as they go through school.

The better foundation they have from an early age, the more likely students are to find success and not get frustrated. When students struggle due to poor early childhood education, the more likely they are to give up. A solid foundation is protective against falling behind, which is imperative, because once students begin to fall behind, it becomes very hard to catch back up.

In addition to the obvious benefits to each child, multiple studies have also shown that early childhood education programs provide an economic benefit to society as well.

In an article from the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, the authors Arthur J. Rolnick and Rob Grunewald write, “Investment in human capital breeds economic success not only for those being educated, but also for the overall economy.” Later, they add:

“The quality of life for a child and the contributions the child makes to society as an adult can be traced back to the first few years of life. From birth until about 5 years old a child undergoes tremendous growth and change. If this period of life includes support for growth in cognition, language, motor skills, adaptive skills and social-emotional functioning, the child is more likely to succeed in school and later contribute to society.”

Early education also teaches kids how to be students. While it’s true that students shouldn’t be stuck in a desk all day and that they do some of their best learning out in the real world, the reality is that much of our formal education takes place inside a classroom. Early childhood education teaches kids how to learn and how to conduct themselves in a classroom.

Why is Bilingual Education Important

Bilingual education is a necessity for some students who speak a language at home that is different from the language spoken at their school. Although it can be a challenge, it turns out these students are at an advantage compared to their peers, and voluntary bilingual education prepares students to enter a global workforce.

According to an article from NPR, people who are bilingual are better at switching from one task to another, potentially due to their learned ability to switch from one language to the other. It seems their brains become wired to be better at these types of tasks that make up executive function, or “the mental processes that enable us to plan, focus attention, remember instructions, and juggle multiple tasks successfully.” (Harvard)

Understanding a second language often makes it easier to understand your first language as well. In the same NPR article, the author writes about students enrolled in a bilingual education program who showed better performance in reading English than students enrolled in an English-only program. Jennifer Steele, who observed these students, said “Because the effects are found in reading, not in math or science where there were few differences, she suggests that learning two languages makes students more aware of how language works in general, aka ‘metalinguistic awareness.’”

I personally experienced this benefit when I was in school. Although I am by no means bilingual, I took a second language, French, in middle school and high school, and I often found that the words I knew in French helped me understand and decipher new words in English. I also better understood the complexities of English grammar and verb forms after learning about them in a second language.

Another obvious benefit of bilingual education is increased opportunities in the workforce. An article for the Chicago Tribune reports that there has been increasing demand for bilingual education starting at an early age, partially due to the demand for bilingual employees. Specifically, the article notes that the following industries look for people who speak more than one language: health care, education, customer service, government, finance, information technology, social services, and law enforcement.

Why is Physical Education Important

A good physical education program can set a child up for a lifetime of healthy habits. When I was in elementary school, I can remember asking what the point of gym class was. By the time I was in high school though, I realized that gym class was one of the most important classes I had ever taken.

In my senior year, I took a strength and conditioning class, and it set me up for a lifetime of treating my body well through exercise and proper nutrition. Without that class, I would have been lost the first time I stepped into a gym on my college campus.

Physical education isn’t just important for older children; even at the preschool level, it’s an essential part of the school day. Spend time around any young child, and you’ll realize that they can’t sit still for long. With so much energy and excitement for exploring the world, they need to keep their bodies moving. One study in the Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health found that physical education increased both total physical activity and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity in preschool children.

An article for Livestrong.com also highlighted the importance of gym class because it increases the amount of physical exercise children get, it increases coordination and flexibility, it produces endorphins that elevate kids’ mood, and it provides important opportunities for kids to socialize with each other.

In addition to teaching kids lifelong skills about moving their bodies, gym class benefits the whole child; in a book titled Educating the Student Body, researchers found “a direct correlation between regular participation in physical activity and health in school-age children, suggesting that physical activity provides important benefits directly to the individual child.” Specifically, they found that physical education is associated with academic benefits, better social and emotional well-being, and that it might even be protective against heart disease and type 2 diabetes.

Why is arts and music education important

In a world where education budgets are continually being slashed, arts and music education are tragically often the first to go. For many students, the arts are what gets them to school each day, and without these classes as a creative outlet to look forward to, school can be a major struggle. These classes are a refuge for many students, especially those who don’t excel in a traditional classroom environment.

In addition to being a safe and happy place for students to go during the day, the arts have many other benefits. A study called “SAT Scores of Students Who Study the Arts: What We Can and Cannot Conclude about the Association” for the Journal of Aesthetic Education found that students who take arts courses in high school (including music, theatre, etc.) tend to have higher SAT scores. While standardized test scores aren’t everything, this connection certainly does suggest the arts play an integral part in overall student success.

The Brookings Institution, a nonprofit public policy organization, also found connections between arts education and student success. They conducted a randomized controlled trial to investigate the effect of arts education on students, and found students with more education in the arts had better academic, social, and emotional outcomes than the students with less access to the arts.

In addition to measurable changes like a decrease in disciplinary infractions and an increase in writing scores, they also found that “students who received more arts education experiences are more interested in how other people feel and more likely to want to help people who are treated badly.” In elementary students specifically, they found “increases in arts learning positively and significantly affect students’ school engagement, college aspirations, and their inclinations to draw upon works of art as a means for empathizing with others.”

Why is STEM education important

If you’ve heard anything about education in the last ten years or so, you’ve undoubtedly heard about the push for STEM education, which stands for science, technology, engineering, and math. Schools everywhere seem to be offering more STEM courses, and for good reason.

In a study of pre-service and novice elementary school teachers, 100% agreed that STEM education is important, citing reasons such as:

  • Providing a foundation for later academics
  • Making connections to everyday life
  • Preparing students for jobs
  • Promoting higher order thinking

The U.S. Department of Education also offers compelling reasons why STEM education is important:

“In an ever-changing, increasingly complex world, it's more important than ever that our nation's youth are prepared to bring knowledge and skills to solve problems, make sense of information, and know how to gather and evaluate evidence to make decisions. These are the kinds of skills that students develop in science, technology, engineering and math—disciplines collectively known as STEM. If we want a nation where our future leaders, neighbors, and workers have the ability to understand and solve some of the complex challenges of today and tomorrow, and to meet the demands of the dynamic and evolving workforce, building students' skills, content knowledge, and fluency in STEM fields is essential.”

If that weren’t enough to convince you, the Smithsonian Science Education Center echoes a similar sentiment,

We must all recognize that we live in an era of constant scientific discovery and technological change, which directly affects our lives and requires our input as citizens. And we must recognize that as our economy increasingly depends on these revolutionary new advances, many new jobs will be created in STEM fields. If we are to stay competitive as a nation, then we need to build a scientifically literate citizenry and a bank of highly skilled, STEM-literate employees.

Education students in STEM subjects gives them the knowledge and skills they need to succeed in our digital world that changes by the day. Students learn skills they’ll use to take on jobs that don’t even exist yet.

Why is College Education Important

The importance of college education is sometimes called into question for many reasons. According to CNBC, more than one in five college graduates work in jobs that don’t require a degree. Statistics like this make people wonder if it’s worth spending years of their lives going into debt only to land a job they could have gotten without a degree.

While there are of course cases where people don’t use their college degree, the research still suggests that overall, earning a college degree is beneficial. A paper titled “Do the Benefits of College Still Outweigh the Costs?” revealed that the benefits do, in fact, outweigh the costs. The authors of the academic paper found the following:

“An analysis of the economic returns to college since the 1970s demonstrates that the benefits of both a bachelor’s degree and an associate’s degree still tend to outweigh the costs, with both degrees earning a return of about 15 percent over the past decade. The return has remained high in spite of rising tuition and falling earnings because the wages of those without a college degree have also been falling, keeping the college wage premium near an all-time high while reducing the opportunity cost of going to school.”

There is also no denying that a large majority of very important jobs require higher education. Everybody would agree they wouldn’t want their surgeon or their child’s teacher to walk onto the job straight out of high school.

The college experience shouldn’t be downplayed, either. Whether it’s to have that buffer zone between being a kid and an adult or to have time to study abroad and have shared experiences before entering the “real world,” many people who have gone to college say the college experience is one of the many things that makes college worthwhile.

A report titled “It’s Not Just the Money: The Benefits of College Education to Individuals and to Society” from the University of Maine echoes this sentiment, noting that the monetary benefit of college is often the most cited because it’s objective and easy to measure. Subjective benefits like the college experience are hard to study because they can mean different things to different people. The report cites a multitude of benefits college graduates see, including higher likelihood of having health insurance, higher likelihood of having a retirement plan, higher likelihood of good health, lower likelihood of being in prison or jail, higher voting turnout, higher self-reportings of happiness, and higher community involvement. Many of these statistics are the result of correlations, meaning there is a connection between college and the benefits, but that doesn’t mean that attending college causes these benefits. Nonetheless, there is no denying that college can and does have a positive impact on many people.


Suffice it to say that education matters. Studies have shown that those who are more educated are more likely to live longer, live healthier lives, and are even more likely to help strangers. Investing in various types of education from the time children are young ensures that they have a strong foundation and that the whole person is being educated. The more diverse and well-rounded we can make education for children, the better educated they’ll be.


Why is Education Important and What is the Purpose of Education? ›

Education is important to people's personal growth. Education can help people better understand themselves. They can learn about themselves through books, courses, or even professional advice. Education informs people about the world, what's going on, and who's around.

Why is education important and what is the purpose? ›

It helps people become better citizens, get a better-paid job, shows the difference between good and bad. Education shows us the importance of hard work and, at the same time, helps us grow and develop. Thus, we are able to shape a better society to live in by knowing and respecting rights, laws, and regulations.

What are the 4 purposes of education? ›

As you think about the four basic purposes of school: academic (intellectual), political and civic purposes, socialization, and economic purposes, what do you think? Which one (or more) do you find as primary purposes of schooling in your own personal philosophy?

What is the true meaning of education? ›

noun. the act or process of imparting or acquiring general knowledge, developing the powers of reasoning and judgment, and generally of preparing oneself or others intellectually for mature life. the act or process of imparting or acquiring particular knowledge or skills, as for a profession.

What is the purpose of learning? ›

Learning is the process of gaining new skills, knowledge, understanding, and values. This is something people can do by themselves, although it's generally made easier with education: the process of helping someone or a group of others to learn.

What are 3 reasons why education is important? ›

Education is an important part of any society. It provides direction, social status, worldly knowledge, and the chance to explore.

How can education improve your life? ›

Education can also lead to more accurate health beliefs and knowledge, and thus to better lifestyle choices, but also to better skills and greater self-advocacy. Education improves skills such as literacy, develops effective habits, and may improve cognitive ability.

What does it mean to be educated? ›

possessing an education (especially having more than average knowledge) Synonyms: civilised, civilized. having a high state of culture and development both social and technological. knowing, knowledgeable, learned, lettered, well-educated, well-read. highly educated; having extensive information or understanding.

What are educational purposes examples? ›

Educational Purposes means education, teaching, tuition, training, instruction, learning, private study and/or research, including distance learning and teaching.

What is the purpose of education quotes? ›

“Education's purpose is to replace an empty mind with an open one.” —Malcolm Forbes. Although getting an education at school sometimes involves cramming facts and information into your brain, this quote is a great reminder that critical thinking is more about opening your mind than filling it.

Why does education exist? ›

“The main purpose of the American school is to provide for the fullest possible development of each learner for living morally, creatively, and productively in a democratic society.” “The one continuing purpose of education, since ancient times, has been to bring people to as full a realization as possible of what it ...

What is the real purpose of true education? ›

“The function of education is to teach one to think intensively and to think critically. Intelligence plus character – that is the goal of true education”.

What should be true education? ›

True education's true objective is to develop body-mind synchronisation and harmony. True education enables one to understand the deep significance of the man life; but to understand, the mind must intelligently free itself from the desire for the reward which breeds fear and conformity.

What is the meaning of purpose in education? ›

Purpose is our vision of what might be, a vision we may commit ourselves to and work towards. Striving for a purpose requires the coherence of knowing who we are and what the world needs, and it requires the ability to identify what is significant and what matters.

What is the goal of education in America? ›

In broad terms, the U.S. education system has as its goal the establishment of a quality education that will enable all children to achieve their highest potential as individuals, serve effectively as citizens of a free society, and successfully compete in a changing global marketplace.

Why learning is the key to life? ›

Your ability to expand your mind and strive for lifelong learning is critical to your success. By dedicating yourself to learning, you can get ahead in every aspect of your life. All it takes is a commitment. The most successful people read an average of 2-3 hours per day.

What are the two main reasons that education is important? ›

It allows us to learn new skills and knowledge that we can use in our everyday lives. It also helps us to improve our critical thinking, self-confidence, and problem-solving skills. In a modern society, education is also important because it helps us to better understand the world around us.

Why education is more important than ever? ›

Today, there is agreement that education, independent of innate ability, helps spur innovation and technology, and it contributes to productivity and economic growth. A key element in this process is that education is important to adopt the technology that produces innovation.

Why education should be free? ›

If more people could attend college for free, then the workforce will expand. The workforce will also be more agile. In the case of an economic downturn when one industry falters, another generally rises to replace it. Then, workers need to be retrained and taught skills for the job.

What are the consequences of not being educated? ›

Uneducated people struggle to fit in social situations, and often remain marginalized. The lack of resources generated by education prevents them from participating in numerous social activities in a productive and comprehensive way, in contrast to educated people who engage in the same activities without difficulty.

Why should everyone study? ›

Studying is not just important for educational development, but also builds personal skills. Having good study skills can improve your confidence, competence, and self-esteem. As well as helps reduce stress and anxiety around deadlines and exams.

Can education save your life? ›

Education also saves millions of lives each year. HIV infection rates drop by 50 percent among children who complete their primary education. This means if all children received basic schooling, 7 million HIV/AIDS cases could be prevented each year.

What qualities make a person educated? ›

This is to say, truly educated people love learning, but they love wisdom more. They can appreciate a closely reasoned argument without being unduly impressed by mere logic. They understand that knowledge serves values, and they strive to put these two–knowledge and values–into constant dialogue with each other.

What are the qualities of an educated person? ›

Here are eight qualities of an educated person:
  • Intellectual curiosity. Educated individuals are lifelong learners. ...
  • Intellectual humility. ...
  • Cultural literacy. ...
  • Aesthetic appreciation. ...
  • Creative thinking. ...
  • A sense of humor. ...
  • An evolved political viewpoint. ...
  • An evolved spiritual/philosophical viewpoint.
May 17, 2017

What is it called when you are not educated? ›

uneducated. / (ʌnˈɛdjʊˌkeɪtɪd) / adjective. not having been educated to a good standard: poor uneducated people.

What are the 7 goals of education? ›

20 U.S. Code § 5812 - National Education Goals
  • (1) School readiness. ...
  • (2) School completion. ...
  • (3) Student achievement and citizenship. ...
  • (4) Teacher education and professional development. ...
  • (5) Mathematics and science. ...
  • (6) Adult literacy and lifelong learning. ...
  • (7) Safe, disciplined, and alcohol- and drug-free schools.

What is something that is educational? ›

If something is educational, it teaches you some new information or gives you new knowledge. Listening to an organic farmer describe the process of beekeeping can be very educational. The adjective educational describes something that imparts new skills or knowledge.

What is the synonym of educational? ›

synonyms for educational

On this page you'll find 14 synonyms, antonyms, and words related to educational, such as: academic, cultural, informational, scholarly, didactic, and informative.

What is the power of a good education? ›

It Gives Empowerment. Education helps turn weakness into strength. Education gives us the confidence to stand up for ourselves. It improves our decision-making capabilities, makes us mobile, and gives us access to social networks.

Who said education is the key to life? ›

Solomon Ortiz quote: Education is the key to success in life, and teachers...

Who said education is the most powerful weapon? ›

Nelson Mandela once said, 'Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world. ' Education is one of the most important means of empowering women.

What did Martin Luther King say about education? ›

The function of education is to teach one to think intensively and to think critically. Intelligence plus character–that is the goal of true education.” Dr.

What is the purpose of education in the 21st century? ›

A 21st century education is one that responds to the economical, technological, and societal shifts that are happening at an ever-increasing pace. It's an education that sets children up to succeed in a world where more than half of the jobs they'll have over their careers don't even exist yet.

What is the purpose of education philosophy? ›

An education philosophy is a set of educational beliefs and core values of a person and/or organisation. It focuses on the purpose and objectives of educational planning, programmes and processes when it comes to teaching and inspiring students to learn.

What is true education in the Bible? ›

In contrast to what the government school systems are offering, true education is God-centered. It is education that assists a child in the development of a Biblical spiritual life and moral character. It is education that develops factual knowledge, reasoning power, and practical skills.

Why should schools teach about real life? ›

Improve Mental Wellbeing

Learning life skills helps young people understand who they are and what they want out of life. Moreover, young people grow more aware of their own struggles and those of the people around them.

What is true education quotes? ›

True education reveals self-potential, more than just sows ideas. In school we learn to think alike, but true education is to learn how to think differently. A true education prepares you not only for living but also for life.

Do you really need an education? ›

Education provides stability in life, and it's something that no one can ever take away from you. By being well-educated and holding a college degree, you increase your chances for better career opportunities and open up new doors for yourself.

What is education perfect? ›

Education Perfect is a cloud-based online learning platform, combining a full bank of curriculum-aligned resources with tools for differentiation, marking, feedback and reporting. We have a team of learning designers and teachers who we employ to design best-in-class lessons and assessments.

Do you need a good education to be successful? ›

If you're wondering if college is necessary to have a successful career, it depends on what you want to pursue. You don't need a Bachelor's degree to succeed in most careers. Instead of four-year degrees, more companies are looking at a candidate's skills and potential.

What are the three types of purpose? ›

The three basic purposes are to inform, to persuade, and to entertain.

What exactly is the purpose? ›

It is what we are meant for, or made for.

How do you write an educational purpose? ›

To write an educational objective, create stem statements that outline what you expect from your students. Use a measurable verb like "calculate" or "identify" to relay each outcome, which is what the students are expected to do at the end of a course or lesson.

What is the biggest goal of education? ›

Education gives people the knowledge and skills they need to stay healthy, get jobs and foster tolerance.

What was the original purpose of school? ›

Preparing people for democratic citizenship was a major reason for the creation of public schools. The Founding Fathers maintained that the success of the fragile American democracy would depend on the competency of its citizens.

Is education the key to the American dream? ›

American Creed

Being an American isn't only about how you look and where you come from; it can also be about who you are on the inside and what makes you an American. Education is a big part of the American dream & allows people to succeed and improve beneficially.

Does higher education make you happier? ›

College-educated adults tend to live happier lives.

confidence, a better sense of independence, and stronger feelings of control over their lives. ⌘ College graduates tend to be more resilient and less depressed.

What is the value of learning? ›

When people learn, they gain confidence for trying new things and stretching themselves. Continual learning contributes to higher levels of resilience and self-efficacy in completing a task or tackling a challenge.

What are the benefits of learning? ›

Reasons to learn a new skill
  • It gives you motivation. ...
  • It helps beat boredom. ...
  • It boosts confidence. ...
  • It keeps you healthy. ...
  • It helps you be flexible. ...
  • It can benefit others. ...
  • It can boost your happiness. ...
  • Consider your “why.” It doesn't matter if a new skill is for work or play – you'll get benefits either way.

What is the purpose of the education philosophy? ›

An education philosophy is a set of educational beliefs and core values of a person and/or organisation. It focuses on the purpose and objectives of educational planning, programmes and processes when it comes to teaching and inspiring students to learn.

Why is public education important? ›

The purpose of public education is to provide a free education to all children in the country. It is focused on the ideas of core content knowledge, citizenship, and the skills necessary for young people to be successful once they become adults.

What is the power of education? ›

It creates knowledge, builds confidence, and breaks down barriers to opportunity. For children, it is their key to open the door to a better life.

What is the most important philosophy of education? ›

Progressivism. It is a student-centric philosophy that believes in learning by experimentation. It believes that learning comes from finding answers to questions. If this philosophy of education is followed in the classroom, students are set free to develop their own beliefs.

What is your own philosophy of education? ›

"My philosophy of education is that all children are unique and must have a stimulating educational environment where they can grow physically, mentally, emotionally, and socially. It is my desire to create this type of atmosphere where students can meet their full potential.

What is logic in education? ›

In a nutshell, logic is the science of reasoning that allows you to determine a possible outcome or best choice. Not only is it a crucial skill for real-life application, but it is equally important inside the classroom. There are many benefits to teaching logic to elementary students.

What are the benefits of free education? ›

Why Should College Be Free?
Pro's of Tuition Free CollegeCon's of Tuition Free College
Reduces student debtIncrease in taxes
Improved college graduation ratesCollege may not be taken seriously
More freedom to choose a major you enjoyCollege education could decrease in quality
1 more row

What is the main goal of No Child Left Behind? ›

No Child Left Behind (NCLB), in full No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, U.S. federal law aimed at improving public primary and secondary schools, and thus student performance, via increased accountability for schools, school districts, and states.

What's the purpose of high school? ›

The time spent in high school can be viewed as the final “incubation period” in which teens can learn, explore, and prepare for the future higher education, professional career, and adulthood that is to follow.


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